Biomedical Sciences: B.S. BioMedical Sciences
Medical Technology/Medical Laboratory Sciences Submajor

Employment Outlook

Expected Growth

Employment of clinical laboratory workers is expected to grow by 14 percent between 2008 and 2018, faster than the average for all occupations. The volume of laboratory tests continues to increase with both population growth and the development of new types of tests.

Technological advances will continue to have opposing effects on employment. On the one hand, new, increasingly powerful diagnostic tests and advances in genomics—the study of the genetic information of a cell or organism—will encourage additional testing and spur employment. On the other hand, research and development efforts targeted at simplifying and automating routine testing procedures may enhance the ability of nonlaboratory personnel—physicians and patients in particular—to perform tests now conducted in laboratories.

Although hospitals are expected to continue to be the major employer of clinical laboratory workers, employment is expected also to grow rapidly in medical and diagnostic laboratories, offices of physicians, and all other ambulatory healthcare services.


Median annual wage of medical laboratory technologists was $56,130 in May 2010. The lowest 10 percent earned more than $38,810, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $76,780. Median annual wages in selected industries employing the largest numbers of medical and clinical laboratory technologists were:

Federal Government $62,880
Hospitals: state, local, & private 56,470
Medical and diagnostic laboratories 55,930
Offices of physicians 52,250

According to the American Society for Clinical Pathology, median hourly wages of staff medical laboratory technologists and cytotechnologists, in various specialties and laboratory types, in 2010 were:

  Hospital Private clinic Physician office laboratory Reference Lab
Cytotechnologist $31.02 $33.10 $39.00 $31.34
Medical technologist $28.62 $27.36 $25.26 $30.56

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2010-11 Edition (