Employment and Training Institute .

Research Issue Updates

CHILD CARE NEEDS AND BARRIERS TO EMPLOYMENT
The Shares program in Wisconsin now provides $146 million per year in federal child care subsidies in Milwaukee County, the largest government jobs programs (i.e., for child care workers) in the metro area. Issues of costs, quality of care, and employment patterns of subsidized parents are critical to the integrity of the Wisconsin Shares program.

Milwaukee Drill photo DRILL DOWN TOOL KITS
ETI developed easy-to-use, free downloads of Census data on workers residing in and employed in each U.S. census tract, along with state-of-the-art purchasing power estimates of consumer expenditures by neighborhood. The drilldowns, developed in the mid-2000s, were designed to document the diversity and assets of underserved urban communities.

DRIVER'S LICENSE OBSTACLES TO EMPLOYMENT
Reforms initiated by the Center for Driver's License Recovery and Employability have reduced annual license revocations by 67% in Milwaukee County. Among the most critical barriers facing central city workers are the thousands of suspensions imposed on drivers in Wisconsin for failure to pay fines and civil forfeitures.

JOB OPENINGS SURVEYS
The job vacancies methodology developed by the UWM Employment and Training Institute has been adopted as a national model by the U.S. Department of Labor and is now used by at least 15 states for statewide surveys and by 15 major metro areas to determine job needs by region. The last Milwaukee regional job vacancy survey (involving 3,867 employers) was conducted in May 2009.

map of foreclosures MILWAUKEE'S HOUSING CRISIS
Sixty subprime lending firms (nearly all from out-of-state) targeted residents and property owners in Milwaukee's poorest neighborhoods with high-interest rate mortgages and refinancing packages. By 2008 homeownership rates had dropped dramatically in the innercity as the bottom fell out of the housing market.

MINORITY ACCESS TO JOBS AND HOUSING
According to the most recent NAACP-ETI report card, African Americans hold only 10% of the apprenticeships in Milwaukee area construction trades, Latinos hold only 6%, and women (of all races) hold only 3% of apprenticeships.

UWM Feature Article on ETI's Neighborhood Research
UWM Feature Article on ETI's Neighborhood Research
ETI papers for Brookings NEIGHBORHOOD INDICATORS
Drilldowns for central city Milwaukee ZIP codes explore the impact of the subprime housing crisis, escalating rates of African American male incarceration, family income and poverty levels, small business growth and retail opportunities inside Milwaukee's innercity neighborhoods. The Brookings Institution has recognized these studies as national models.

PRISON RATES AMONG MILWAUKEE WORKERS
Wisconsin has the highest incarceration rates for African American and Native American men in the nation, according to estimates from the 2010 U.S. Census. In Milwaukee County over half of young black men in their 30s have been imprisoned and face multiple employment barriers upon release.

SCHOOL TO WORK CURRICULUM AND RESEARCH
Model curriculum materials prepared with high school and technical college teachers show how to help students learn about the local labor market and document their job readiness skills.

VOTER ID ISSUES
Employment and Training Institute research was used in the dissenting opinion by Supreme Court Justice David Souter in the Indiana voter ID case, was at the heart of U.S. Justice Department disagreements over Georgia's photo ID law, and is recommended in law review articles as the standard for empirical research needed to determine the constitutionality of state voter ID laws.

WELFARE RESEARCH
The Employment and Training Institute evaluations for the Wisconsin legislature found no positive impact for the workfare programs above what families achieved on their own during a healthy economic period. The Learnfare evaluation examined school attendance records for over 50,000 Wisconsin low-income teenagers. None of the school districts studied showed improvements in attendance for teens under the policy.

WORKFORCE TRAINING
page of welder report Technical assistance and research projects for the Milwaukee Area Workforce Investment Board focus on meeting regional needs for workers and improving WIA and TANF training and employment services to ex-offenders and other hard-to-serve populations.

LEARNING FROM THE WPA
In 1936 the Milwaukee city government alone created 12,000 year-round WPA jobs in construction, education, health and office work for men and women heading families hardest hit by the Great Depression. By 1940 Milwaukee County "relief workers" had helped build one of the finest park systems in the nation.


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Employment & Training Institute
Direct comments to eti@uwm.edu
Updated 2013